(RNN) - Contrary to popular belief, Cinco de Mayo isn't Mexican Independence Day. It actually marks the Battle of Puebla on May 5, 1862, when Mexican troops defeated invading French forces during the Franco-Mexican War.
The battle lasted only a matter of hours, but the celebration continues today in the form of Cinco de Mayo, Spanish for "The fifth of May."
Here's a look at Cinco de Mayo by the numbers:
2,000: Number of Mexican soldiers who defended the town of Puebla against 6,000 invading French forces.
31.8 million: The number of U.S. residents of Mexican origin, according to the 2010 Census.
70.5 million: Pounds of avocado Americans will eat on Cinco de Mayo.
20: Types of Mexican cheeses to be feasted on. Oaxaca, a white cheese from Southern Mexico, is the most prominent.
11: Percent of arable land in Mexico. Only 3 percent is irrigated.
60: Percent of Mexican farmers who produce corn, mostly used in the production or tortillas, and beans.
1925: Year Corona Extra, Mexico's best-selling beer, was first brewed.
150: Countries where Corona can be purchased.
4: Corona's rank among the best-selling beers in the world.
1795: Birth year of Jose Cuervo. Cuervo claims to be the first producer of tequila in the world.
1519: Year Hernan Cortes, the Spanish conqueror of Mexico, first set foot on the nation's soil.
1917: Mexico's constitution was ratified Feb. 5 of this year.
71: Years that the Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI), which formed in 1929, ruled Mexico's national government.
3: Mexico is almost three times the size of Texas.
31: States in Mexico.
113 million: Population of Mexico as of July 2010. Mexico is the most populous Spanish-speaking country and the 11th most populous country in the world.
22 million: Estimated population of the capital, Mexico City, the world's most populous city.
77: Percent of Mexican population that is Roman Catholic.
Sources: The U.S. Census Bureau, History.com, Center for the Study of Latino Health and Culture (UCLA), The World Factbook (CIA), Background Notes (Department of State), Fiesta Broadway, California Avocado Commission, Facultad de Medicina Veterinaria y Zootecni (UNAM), Corona and Jose Cuervo.
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