Russian MFA on adoption of Russian children by US citizens
A propaganda drive around the Law of Dima Yakovlev signed today by President Putin has started in American political and social circles aiming to prove that adoption of Russian children by Americans is practically their only way to a happy future.
In response to the questions why Russia has banned adoption by Americans, we would like to make the following points.
True, there are a lot of kind-hearted Americans who sincerely love their adopted children, some of whom have disabilities. But it is also true that young Russian citizens are sometimes adopted by a different kind of people and find themselves in desperate situations without any juridical protection. And this is not about statistics (although it is not as cheerful as they make it appear in the US), but about the fate and even life of each child.
Speaking about statistics, the data on children left to die by their American parents (19 minors from 1996) is only the top of an iceberg. These are merely registered cases that came into the public domain. Official statistics on this matter does not exist in the US. If the origin of a killed child for some reason is not discovered by the media it is practically impossible to learn about his or her Russian origin. On arriving in the territory of the US all adopted children acquire an American citizenship, American names and surnames.
In general, the situation with adoption is not entirely good in the United States. According to the American Professional Society on the Abuse of Children, one out of four international adoptions fails and leads to psychological or physical harm to the child.
The occurrence of child abuse also raises concerns. According to the Childhelp, every day around five children die in the US from abusive treatment. Human rights watchdogs estimate that in 50 to 60% of cases the true cause of the death remains concealed. As a result, according to the National Coalition to End Child Abuse Deaths (NCECAD), the number of reported child maltreatment deaths was higher than the number of deaths among American soldiers doing military service in conflict zones in the period from 2001.
For example, Italian and Spanish people adopt Russian children almost as often as Americans (798, 685 and 965 respectively), however, there hasn't been any registered cases of child abuse by adoptive parents neither in Italy nor in Spain.
It has not been confirmed that Americans mainly adopt disabled children, despite the allegations in the media. In 2011, according to different estimates, there were from 44 to 89 disabled children out of 965 adopted by Americans.
It is also worth mentioning that the US (like Somalia and South Sudan) did not join the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child citing that this universal agreement undermines "traditional principles" of the American law and upbringing. According to the Parents' Rights NGO, this includes such "methods of education" as reasonable spankings. In 19 states schoolteachers still have the right to use corporal punishment. A number or social agencies estimate that two thirds of parents use corporal punishment at home.
The advocates of "traditional methods of education" are also dissatisfied with the fact that the Convention provides the children with such rights as to choose their religion, being heard, or the right for leisure. The US law does not exempt minors from life sentence.
Whenever an adoption fails, American society, law enforcement agencies and courts tend to judge in favour of adoptive parents. They cite "bad genes" and "orphanage background" when it comes to blaming Russian children. Moreover, there appeared a group of pseudo-psychologists, who for a fair remuneration (300-400 dollars an hour) will diagnose a Russian child with "reactive attachment disorder".
Sometimes such "professional psychologists" managed to help adoptive parents avoid responsibility or get away with symbolic punishment. In 2008 the Fairfax County Court discharged M.Harrison, who had left his 21-month old son in a heated car for 9 hours. The Craver family were convicted for "reckless homicide" of Ivan Skorobogatov, despite the fact that the boy had 80 injuries, including a severe craneocerebral injury. Brian Dyxtra was found not guilty in the death of his adopted son Ilya Kargyntsev, despite the fact that forensic medical experts found Dyxtra's testimony that the boy fell of a staircase implausible.
At the same time, parents are sentenced to life imprisonment for similar crimes against American children. In particular, it was reported that a mother was imprisoned for life for gluing her daughter's hands to a wall, while another mother earned a life sentence for beating to death her 4 year old child.
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